Buying a Business - Steps
Whether you are starting your own business from scratch, going into a business opportunity, or buying a business, you need to have certain characteristics, traits, skills, and goals in order to succeed. So how do you know if you are ready to own a business? Basically, you need to ask yourself some hard questions and give yourself honest answers. If you don’t have the time and commitment to start a business, you need to look elsewhere for your income. You may be better served accepting a job with a company. There are those that need structure and a job is the place for them. But, if you are inclined to owning your own business, then lets discuss some necessary items. First, you need to have a plan. The plan can come from your own imagination, the franchisor, or the company offering the business opportunity. It doesn’t have to be something set in stone, and it doesn’t have to be fancy. It just needs to be a basic outline of what your business will be, what you will sell, how you will sell it, and what your operating costs will be. It is recommended that you include at least three months of operating expenses into your start up costs budget, which also needs to be determined in your plan. The next item is paramount to your success. It is the infamous 4 letter word and that is work.
When buying a business, there are some key steps to follow that will enable the process to proceed more smoothly.Which Business to BuyStart with deciding what type of business that would best suit you. You are most likely to be successful at a business in which you can make good use of your skills and experience. In addition, you will want to select a business that you would be passionate about since you would be investing not only financial resources but a good deal of time.After deciding what industry you want to invest in, consider what size business to search for. Analyze your management skills as far as the number of employees, volume of sales, location, etc. Of course it will also be necessary to explore financing options as well as your own financial situation. This will enable you to see what you will be able to afford to pay for a business.The Search Take your time in this business buying step to ensure that you are researching all avenues so that you find the best overall fit. Consider enlisting a business broker to help you. Also, there are many resources on the Internet that can help you with this process.Investigate the BusinessOnce you find a business that you believe would be the best match, there are several items to consider. Be sure to do extensive research on the business and its history. Discover the true reason the business is for sale by speaking with people who are familiar with the company such as local realtors and other business owners in the area.Before meeting with the seller, do some reading and/or speak with a professional as to what is appropriate to say or not to say at this point in time. The seller will also be considering how the buyer comes across as a prospective owner of his/her business.When you meet with the owners, you will need to make sure you find out what is included in the asking price. Also, determine if the assets are clear of debt.Examine the financial statements of the business, preferably with the assistance of an accountant in order to determine the past performance and the stability. If you are not certain that you are getting a clear picture ask for the business records and have your own audit done.You may also wish to ask permission to sit in on the business for a few days. This way you can get a good feel for what it would be like to be the owner of this operation.Pricing and FinancingThe next business buying step will be to determine what the business is actually worth. Analyze the worth using several methods including book value, modified value and replacement value. Find out how the seller derived his/her price and compare to your calculations. Then make sure you can really afford the business. In addition to your own contributions, see what financing options are available including loans from banks and credit unions. Family/friends may also be willing to invest.AgreementsWhile investigating the business, you may have a contract attorney draw up a letter of intent (LOI). This is a document that is a formal understanding that you and the seller are in negotiations, not a binding contract. Therefore if you should find anything you dislike, you don't have to go any further in the process.Finally if all goes well, have your attorney draw up a final contract. The attorney will specify all the details of the deal. Then you will be ready for closing.After all these business buying steps are completed and everyone signs on the dotted line, you will be ready for the next big step of owning your new business.
Buying a Business - Steps
Are you learning about Buying a Business? For most people, buying an existing business is a better option than starting one from scratch.Buying A Business is generally better than Starting a BusinessBuying an already operating business has an existing cash flow, established customer base, vendor relationships, trained employees, and an established business location.All of these critical factors are non existent with starting a business from scratch. It will take time and a lot of hard work just to get a new business of the ground. In addition you will be literally burning through cash the first year and it's safe to say you should have at least 6 months to a year of personal savings in the bank that can cover your family's expenses while your new business is developing.The choice is easy. Buy an existing business with a proven cash flow so you have immediate income.Financing a BusinessFinancing an existing business can be time consuming but it depends on the route you go. Most small business owners will carry owner financing on a percentage of the deal. So if the total deal price is $100,000, you may only need $20,000 - $40,000 as a down payment and the sellers may carry the balance. Most sellers will carry the loan for 5 years at 6% -7% interest. They may also allow you to finance the loan over 10 years but require a balloon payment in 5. You should always try and get the seller to carry a portion of the financing fist. It's the easiest method in getting a deal done. If the seller will not carry a large enough portion with your down payment then you can look at alternative financing.So how much do I need as a down payment? You should have 5% - 20% of the total purchase price as your down payment. For seller financed notes they may require up to 50% down but this will vary widely with each deal and sellers personal requirements.No Money Down loansIt is a common misconception with Small Business Loans (SBA) on how easy they are to get. First and foremost, there is no such thing as No Money Down Loans when it comes to buying a business. Even before the credit crisis they did not exist. You will need at minimum 10% of the total purchase price as a down payment to get bank financing. Most small business lenders will not loan on purchases under $100,000 - $150,000 and they have additional requirements.Personal Requirements in Financing:10% Liquid Assets as down payment (They will prefer 20%) At least 6 months experience working in a similar business or managing another business A good credit score 620 and above minimum and no recent bankruptcyBusiness Requirements in Financing:The business will need to provide at least 2 of the most recent tax returns and the current years updated Profit and Loss statement.The business will need to show it has sufficient provable cash flow after the loan debt service and the buyers personal financial requirements.If you do not meet all 3 of the personal requirements and the business does not meet it's requirements then you most likely will not receive an SBA loan and will probably be wasting your time. You should focus more of your time on either negotiating with the seller to carry the financing or find a different business.Other Financing Sources:There are a few other ways you can finance the business but it will require refinancing personal assets like real estate.What Type of Business Should I Buy?Look for a business that has some connection to types of work you've done in the past, classes you've taken, or perhaps skills you've developed through a hobby. It's almost always a mistake to buy a business you know little about, no matter how good it looks. Also, try to choose a business that you're excited by. It's easier to succeed in business when you enjoy the work you're doing. Where to Look when finding an Existing Business For SaleThe first place you should look is contact a local Business Broker. Business Brokers are professional Business Advisors, intermediary's that assist buyers and sellers in the sale of a Business and generally are paid fees by the seller. A broker will help you in everything from researching businesses for sale, negotiating the best price for the business, financing the business, incorporating your business, and much more.Although brokers are paid commission by the seller, their interest is in selling the business. Therefore a good broker will work with both the Buyer and Seller in negotiating the most favorable terms for both parties.Brokers are one of the best resources to use when Buying an Existing Business.How to find A Business Broker or Business for Sale:You can find a Business Broker by looking in your local yellow pages or online by using business for sale website like The Business Broker Journal. This site is mainly a marketplace for business brokers as a place to advertise their businesses for sale.
The Advantages of Owning a Home-Based Business
If you've ever wanted to buy a business with "no money down", and have heard someone say it goes on all the time and that it's possible, then I have some good news and some bad news.The bad news first: No matter what anyone says, you can't buy a decent business with nothing down.In the 50 plus years I've been in business, buying businesses and teaching other people how to buy businesses, I've never seen it happen. I've never once run into a seller that will let you in with nothing down. It just doesn't exist. But here's the good news: Just because you can't buy a business with nothing down, if you find one that makes sense and it's large enough, you can finance it 100%, without using even a penny of your own money or borrowing a dime from your friends, family and relatives.How can I say this?Because there are, in fact, lots of ways to finance a business -- including banks, government loans, joint ventures, suppliers, owner financing and, my personal favorite, investors. You can use one of these methods or combine them however you like. Most of these tactics are relatively fast, simple and clean...and a lot easier than you may think.When I was still teaching about buying businesses in seminars many years ago, people would often confuse 100% financing with nothing down. But they aren't the same thing at all. The next time someone says you can buy a decent business -- one that's not a dog, a turn around or some kind of Mickey Mouse operation that's sinking fast -- with nothing down, run away from them as fast as you can. Because chances are they're trying to sell you on an idea that simply doesn't exist.
Buy A Business With No Money Down?